SEFTON LSCB Safeguarding Policies and Procedures Online Manual

    11.1 Local Child Safeguarding Practice Review

    Last updated 14/07/2021

    CLICK  to access the Sefton LSCB Reflective Review Procedure

    Working Together 2018 defines serious child safeguarding cases as those in which:

    abuse or neglect of a child is known or suspected and the child has died or been seriously harmed.

    Serious harm includes (but is not limited to) impairment of physical health and serious / long-term
    impairment of a child’s mental health or intellectual, emotional, social or behavioural development.
    Working Together 2018 advises that consideration be given to whether impairment is likely to be
    long-term, even if this is not immediately obvious. Even if a child recovers, serious harm may still
    have occurred.

    Child perpetrators may be the subject of a review, if the definition of a serious child safeguarding
    case is met.

    Criteria for a Local Child Safeguarding Practice Review Safeguarding Partners are required to consider certain criteria and guidance when determining whether to carry out a Local Child Safeguarding Practice Review. They must take into account
    whether the case:

    • highlights or may highlight improvements needed to safeguard and promote the welfare of
      children, including where those improvements have been previously identified;
    • highlights or may highlight recurrent themes in the safeguarding and promotion of the
      welfare of children;
    • highlights or may highlight concerns regarding two or more organisations or agencies
      working together effectively to safeguard and promote the welfare of children;
    • is one which the Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel have considered and
      concluded that a local review may be more appropriate.

    They will also have regard to the following circumstances:

    • where the Safeguarding Partners have cause for concern about the actions of a single
      agency;
    • where there has been no agency involvement, and this gives the Safeguarding Partners
      cause for concern;
    • where more than one local authority, police area or clinical commissioning group is
      involved, including in cases where families have moved around;
    • where the case may raise issues relating to safeguarding or promoting the welfare of
      children in institutional settings.

    Meeting the criteria does not mean a Local Child Safeguarding Practice Review must automatically be undertaken but there must be clear evidence as to the decision not to undertake one.  Following the decision to conduct an LCSPR, the child (where appropriate) and relevant family members (where appropriate) will be informed of the decision to conduct a review by the LSCB Chair so that they are aware of the process and purpose and the principle of publication. Whilst the agreement of the child or the family is not required, the LSCPR will benefit from understanding their perspective as receivers of the services involved. Family involvement has the real potential to make an important contribution to the learning from LCSPRs. Each LCSPR will be considered individually in relation to the principles of clarity, transparency, negotiation and inclusivity of the associated family. Where the decision is made not to seek the views of the family, clear rationale for decision making must be accurately recorded.