SEFTON LSCB Safeguarding Policies and Procedures Online Manual

    12.1 Background, Statutory Basis and Core Functions of MAPPA

    Last updated 18/05/2017




    Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) are statutory arrangements for managing sexual and violent offenders. MAPPA is not a body itself, but a framework within which participating agencies operate to better discharge their statutory responsibilities to protect the public in a co-ordinated manner. All agencies participating in MAPPA retain their full responsibilities and obligations at all times and nothing in this Agreement is intended to interfere with that.


    Statutory Framework


    Section 325 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (the Act) imposes a statutory duty on the MAPPA Responsible Authority (RA – comprising the Police, the National Probation Service (NPS) and HM Prison Service) to establish arrangements to assess and manage the risks posed by:

    a) relevant sexual and violent offenders; and

    b) other persons who, by reason of offences they have committed, are considered by the Responsible Authority to be persons who may cause serious harm to the public.


    Duty to Co-Operate Agencies


    Section 325(3) of the Act also imposes a duty on other specified agencies to co-operate with the RA within the MAPPA framework. Co-operation under Section 325(3) may include the exchange of information.

    The MAPPA Duty to Co-Operate (DtC) agencies are:

    • Local Authorities
      • Youth Offending Teams;
      • Social Care Services (Children and Adults)
      • Housing Authorities
      • Education Authorities
    • Housing Association Registered Providers i.e. Registered Social Landlords which accommodate MAPPA offenders
    • NHS
      • National Commissioning Board
      • Clinical Commissioning Groups
      • NHS providers
    • Department for Work and Pensions (Jobcentre Plus)
    • Home Office Immigration Enforcement
    • Electronic Monitoring providers.

    MAPPA Guidance


    Under Section 325(8) of the Act, the Secretary of State has issued national MAPPA Guidance. The RA and the DtC agencies must have regard to this Guidance in exercising their functions under MAPPA. The MAPPA Guidance sets out clear principles to be followed when agencies participating in MAPPA share information about offenders. This Agreement has been formulated to facilitate the exchange of personal information between the specified agencies where it is lawful, necessary and proportionate.


    MAPPA’s Core Function - Risk Assessment and Management


    The main function of MAPPA are to co-ordinate the involvement of different agencies in assessing the risk presented by offenders and to ensure that any risk is managed effectively to protect the public. Participation in the MAPPA framework enables the RA and DtC agencies to reduce the risk of serious harm presented by offenders.