SEFTON LSCB Safeguarding Policies and Procedures Online Manual

    18.1 Introduction

    Last updated 18/05/2017

    This procedure should be read in conjunction with Section 5 'Contextual Safeguarding'

    This guidance is based on and summarises the document Channel: Protecting vulnerable people from being drawn into terrorism. A guide for local partnerships (October 2012) and The Prevent Strategy: A Guide for Local Partners in England. Stopping people becoming or supporting terrorists and violent extremists.

    The guidance provides advice on how to manage and respond to concerns of adults, children and young people identified as being vulnerable to and affected by the radicalisation of others

    Introduction

    To reduce the risk from terrorism we need not only to stop terrorist attacks but also to prevent people becoming terrorists. This is one objective of CONTEST (https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/97994/contest-summary.pdf ), the Government’s strategy for countering all forms of violent extremism.

    Work to safeguard children and adults, providing early intervention to protect and divert people away from being drawn into terrorist activity, is at the heart of the Prevent strand of the CONTEST strategy. Supporting vulnerable individuals requires clear frameworks - including guidance on how to identify vulnerability and assess risk, where to seek support and measures to ensure that we do not ever confuse prevention and early intervention with law enforcement.

    Sefton Local Authority and Merseyside Police, through the Sefton Adult and Children’s Safeguarding Boards, (http://www.seftonlscb.co.uk) have agreed that this radicalisation / exploitation should be addressed as a Safeguarding concern and should be embedded into the work of Local Safeguarding Services through the CHANNEL Process.

    CHANNEL(https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/425189/Channel_Duty_Guidance_April_2015.pdf) is about protecting people from radicalisation into all forms of terrorism, diverting people away from the risk they may face before illegality relating to terrorism occurs. CHANNEL operates in the non-criminal space. The principles set out in this guidance apply equally to all terrorist groups.

    Radicalisation is defined as the process by which people come to support terrorism and violent extremism and, in some cases, to then participate in terrorist groups.

    There is no obvious profile of a person likely to become involved in extremism or a single indicator of when a person might move to adopt violence in support of extremist ideas. The process of radicalisation is different for every individual and can take place over an extended period or within a very short time frame. Research has however identified that during this process opportunities arise when recognition, intervention and then support can be provided to divert the individual away from extremist activity.

    Three main areas of concern have been identified for initial attention in developing the awareness and understanding of how to recognise and respond to the increasing threat of children/young people being radicalised:

    • Increasing understanding of radicalisation and the various forms it might take, thereby enhancing the skills and abilities to recognise signs and indicators amongst all staff working with children and young people;
    • Identifying a range of interventions - universal, targeted and specialist - and the expertise to apply these proportionately and appropriately;
    • Taking appropriate measures to safeguard the well-being of children living with or in direct contact with known extremists.