SEFTON SCP Safeguarding Policies and Procedures Online Manual

    10.1.3 Identification and Risk Factors

    Last updated 12/11/2018

    Identification and Risk Factors

    Sefton has adopted the following definition which states that a gang is:

    A relatively durable, predominantly street-based group of young people

    1. See themselves (and are seen by others) as a discernible group,
    2. Engage in a range of criminal activity and violence,
    3. Identify with or lay claim over territory,
    4. Have some form of identifying structural feature, and;
    5. In conflict with other, similar, gangs. 

    The current definition is supported by the “Dying to belong” (2009) document from the Centre for Social Justice.

    A gang member:

    Is someone who has self-identified themselves as being a member of a gang (as above), e.g. through verbal statements, correspondence, graffiti etc and this is corroborated by police, partner agencies or community intelligence.

    A gang associate:

    Is someone who offends with gang members (as above); or who is associated (by police, partner agencies or community intelligence) with gang members; or who has displayed, through conduct or behaviour, a specific desire or intent to become a member of a gang.